Measurement Of Temperature - When power transistors are used, they may tend to over heat. Likewise resistors may also overheat in the event of faults or short-circuits. The knowledge of their temperatures may be advantageous. In addition, measurement of temperature constitutes a basic necessity in day-to-day life.
This is a LED Analog Meter, This can be used as a Resistance Meter and Low Impedance Voltmeter for Battery Levels.
Resistance measurement Current Source
To measure battery voltage, the R5-R12-R17 etc. part of the Reference Resistor Divider Network can be modified to suit. Shown here is for 4 LEDs, Use Three LM324 for 12 or More LEDs and Cascade as shown.
This is a Test Circuit for Logic Analyzer software, with the Simple port circuit. The VB Logic Analyzer works, but is just an example program to test and learn.
Test Circuit for Logic Analyzer software - del20006
The speed at which the logic state changes say like 10 M Hz while probing even a PIC or 89C51, is too fast for this circuit. For that, the incoming data has to be spooled or stored in RAM at real time, by the external Hardware itself.
U3 LF 356 is used as a constant current source (sink as the current is negative). R4, R5, R7 and R9 set the four resistance ranges by changing the constant current in decade steps. R2 is for calibration of resistance range. The A-B digital control of 4052 selects the range.
Resistance measurement - DMM Project
Let voltage current and resistance sockets be separate and of different color or use a high voltage electrical rotary switch or relays if you want the same sockets switched. D1, D2 and R8 are to ensure that the FET can be turned off, as the opamp swings from +/- 3.5V only, with some FET it needs to be tweaked.
Auto Ranging for ICL7107 had to be done with window comparators. In ICL7135 Digital Outputs are available for autoranging. Here in this circuit is a close approximation of what i may have designed once.
Auto ranging 4-1/2 Digit Digital Voltmeter
The below Details from Datasheet - These pins are used in this circuit to Autorange the DPM with some peripheral CMOS Logic.